Why corruption matters: understanding causes, effects and how to address them

“What are the conditions that facilitate corruption, what are its costs and what are the most effective ways to combat it?” 

This Evidence Paper is published by the UK Department for International Development. It is not a policy document. 

The paper was written by a team led by Alina Rocha Menocal at the Overseas Development Institute (now on secondment at the Developmental Leadership Program) and Nils Taxell at U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre.  

This paper seeks to:

  • Synthesise a range of literature to assess the political, social and economic conditions under which corruption is likely to thrive
  • Explore the relationship between gender and corruption and analyse some prominent hypotheses
  • Identify existing evidence on the financial, social and other impacts of corruption across a range of areas
  • Assess what anti-corruption measures are likely to be effective and under what conditions
  • Arrive at a set of conclusions emerging from the review
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